Divorced. Beheaded. Died. Divorced. Beheaded. Survived.
Yes, in the 1st six terms of Olivier Award–nominated musical Six, we learn the fate of each of Henry VIII’s spouses. But exactly how much do you realize about their life?
Writers Toby Marlow and Lucy Moss dug in to the reputation for Tudor England additionally the court that is royal the lyrics for their pop music opera, and greater historic knowledge means greater appreciation associated with nuances in Marlow and Moss’ writing. Here are the CliffsNotes to assist you navigate this chapter in Uk history.
Catherine of Aragon Queen from 1509–1533The “paragon of royalty” ended up being the first spouse of Henry VIII. A spanish princess, she ended up being the child of Isabelle and Ferdinand, thus the Latin beats and Spanish trumpets inside her Six solo “No Way.” Catherine first married Arthur (Henry’s older bro and heir obvious to your English throne) in 1501 whenever she ended up being 15. But five months after their wedding, Arthur passed away. Arthur’s daddy almost had to return her dowry, but a King would not spend money—or European alliances. He married her down to their more youthful son, Henry VIII, in 1509, though Henry ended up being 5 years her junior. She faithfully served England, ruling as regent in 1513 whenever Henry had been away in France. But once she neglected to create a male heir, things got complicated. Along with her 5th maternity, Catherine offered delivery to Mary (the long run Mary we of England), but Henry became preoccupied with siring a kid. He became convinced that their wedding to his brother’s widow had been cursed by Jesus, or, as Catherine sings, “You state it is a shame ‘cause quoting Leviticus ‘I’ll find yourself kidiless all my entire life.’”
It’s widely thought he used the Bible as a justification to divorce the Spanish princess with an intend to marry her woman in waiting, Anne Boleyn. Catherine ended up being furious he cast her apart; she had tolerated their affairs (“I’ve never lost control in spite of how several times we knew you lied”) as any Queen ended up being anticipated. more over, Catherine maintained that she had never ever consummated her marriage to Arthur—so that is the wedding which was null. Complicated, we understand. Once the track indicates, Catherine declined an annulment, claiming until her death that she ended up being the rightful Queen. Catherine had been delivered to a” that is“nun-ry ultimately relocated to The greater amount of Castle. She died in 1536 during the chronilogical age of 50, nevertheless keeping she had been the only real genuine wife of Henry VIII.
Anne Boleyn Queen from 1533–1536Though affairs involving the King along with his Queen’s feamales in waiting were common and anticipated, nobody expected him to go out of Catherine to wed Anne—the sibling of their mistress that is former that. Anne spent my youth in the court associated with the Queen of France before going back house to England to become listed http://www.www.youtube.com/watch?v=yEI55e5r1n8 on the court that is royal.
Anne Boleyn is normally depicted since the wife that is devious presumably plotting to dethrone Catherine—unsatisfied to be merely a mistress, “some girl in a threesome.” Henry and Anne married in key January 25, 1533; they got the Archbishop to declare Henry’s wedding to Catherine null along with his brand new wedding to Anne valid—thus breaking through the Catholic Church and starting the Church of England. Anne had been crowned queen June 1, 1533; she soon provided delivery to a woman, the long run Elizabeth we. But after three miscarriages, Henry took a brand new mistress: Jane Seymour. Needing method to rid himself of Anne, Henry reported that Anne had bewitched him as he ended up being hitched to Catherine. Anne possibly flirted with some men “just in order to make him jel,” but that merely resulted in accusations of adultery and incest. She had been beheaded during the Tower of London may 15, 1536, at age 35.
Fun reality: Historians think Henry VIII had written “Greensleeves” for Anne Boleyn, whom he had been wanting to woo. Ergo, the techno remix of “Greensleeves” in “Ex-Wives.”
Jane Seymour Queen from 1536–1537Just as Anne Boleyn overtook the lady she served, Jane Seymour had been a lady-in-waiting to Queen Anne, after serving Queen Catherine. Henry VIII became betrothed to Jane one time after Anne’s execution. Jane provided delivery up to a son, Edward, in October 1537 and passed away fourteen days later on of postnatal problems. Jane can be regarded as the favourite, if it she sings that “without my son your love could vanish. as she actually is the sole spouse Henry freely mourned and also the only 1 to get a queen’s funeral, and that’s why her song in Six is considered the most like an electrical ballad—even” Henry VIII had been ultimately hidden beside her at Windsor Castle.
Anne of Cleves Queen from January 1540–July 1540Anne of Cleves lasted just months that are sixth Queen, but she kept her mind. Artist Hans Holbein the Younger decided to go to Germany to paint Anne and her cousin, as Henry VIII considered which will be their fourth spouse. (We read about these travels in “Haus of Holbein.”)
However when Anne arrived after her portrait, Henry felt she “didn’t didn’t appearance like her profile image.” She revealed a lack that is general of, “sippin’ on mead and I also spill it on my dress,” which additionally displeased the royal. Fundamentally, the master made excuses for his displeasure her, saying there was no way she was a virgin when they wed with her and found another excuse to be rid of. Awarded an annulment, Anne stayed in favor utilizing the King and sometimes checked out court through the reigns associated with last two queens. She died in 1557.
Catherine Howard Queen from 1540–1541Catherine, better referred to as Kitty, had been very very long the thing of sexual attention as recommended in “All You Wanna Do.” She ended up being molested by her music instructor, Henry Mannox, as he was 36 ( maybe maybe not 23 as Six states) and she 13. At 15, she relocated along with her grandmother, “the dowager Duchess,” and became enthusiasts with “sexy secretary” Francis Dereham—an event that will started to haunt her later on. Her grandmother discovered the affair and delivered her to your Tudor court.
Like her relative, Anne Boleyn, she served as being a lady-in-waiting however in the court of Anne of Cleves. The master had been 49 yrs old as he married the 16-year-old. However the gossips at court—some of who had witnessed Dereham—quickly spread word to her behavior that Catherine had been committing adultery behind Henry’s straight back with Henry’s courtier Thomas Culpeper. Culpepper, Dereham, and Catherine had been all performed (Dereham ended up being quartered and drawn). Catherine, beheaded February 13, 1542, ended up being hidden in a unmarked grave.
Catherine Parr Queen from 1543-1547The wife that is final of VIII lived in constant anxiety about her very own execution. Ahead of her wedding to King Henry VIII, she had two husbands that are previous had been widowed both in instances. She had dropped in deep love with Thomas Seymour (Jane’s sibling) before she caught the optical attention associated with the King. Plus in “I Don’t Need Your Love,” she pleads with Thomas to leave her alone to save lots of them both through the King’s wrath and specific death.
Because of the time she wed Henry, he had been 52 plus in sick wellness.
Catherine ingratiated herself into the master by learning to be a mom to their three kiddies: Catherine of Aragon’s Mary, Anne Boleyn’s Elizabeth, and Jane Seymour’s Edward. She actually is the one who restored Mary and Elizabeth’s royal standing therefore that they might come in the type of succession.
During her reign, Catherine ended up being the initial queen of England and Ireland; she has also been the queen most abundant in influence that is diplomatic Catherine of Aragon, as she served as regent whenever Henry traveled to France once again. Catherine ended up being an advocate of reformation into the Church, Protestantism. In reality, she published publications on prayer inside her own name—and had been the very very very first Queen of England to do this. That she“fought for feminine training. so that it’s real” Before Henry VIII passed away January 28, 1547, he instructed that she be respected while the Queen of England even with their death—which is what occurred. She stepped down through the throne whenever Prince Edward, Jane Seymour’s son, had been willing to ascend in 1547. This time around, she had been the main one to re-marry, to gentleman regarding the court Thomas Seymour. She died 5, 1548 september.